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Japanese

 

JAPANESE GREETINGS あいさつ

Below are some useful phrases you can use while travelling in Japan and at the Jamboree:

Good morning                   おはようございます                                        Ohayō gozaimasu

Good afternoon                 こんにちは                                                      Konnichiwa

Good evening                    こんばんは                                                     Konbanwa

Goodbye                             さようなら                                                        Sayōnara

Good night                         おやすみなさい                                              Oyasuminasai

Nice to meet you               はじめまして                                                   Hajime mashite

How are you?                    お元気ですか?                                             Ogenki desuka?

I am fine                             私は元気です                                                 Watashi wa genki desu

My name is (name)          わたしは (name) です                                   Watashi wa (name) desu

What is your name?        お名前は?                                                      Onamae wa?

I am Australian                  わたしは  オーストラリア  から来ました        Watashi wa Ōsutoraria jin desu

Where are you from?      どこの出身ですか?                                       Doko kara desu ka?

Thank you                           ありがとう                                                        Arigatō

 

PRONUNCIATION

The Japanese alphabet includes 5 vowels – a  i  u  e  o -

a as in father            i as in kiss            u as in full               e as in energy              o as in original

Then there are 9 consonants which are paired up with each of the vowels, eg. ka  ki  ku  ke  ko,     ma  mi  mu  me  mo, etc.    The only consonant that can appear on its own is n.

So, when you want to pronounce a Japanese word, look for the consonant pairs and the vowels and say them separately, eg. ko n ni chi wa      a ri ga tō

If there is a line above a vowel, it makes a long sound.

 

JAPANESE VOCABULARY

Zero ゼロ zero
One ichi
Two ni
Three san
Four yon/shi
Five go
Six roku
Seven nana/shichi
Eight hachi
Nine kyū
Ten
Eleven 十一 jūichi
Twelve 十二 jūni
Thirteen 十三 jūsan
Twenty 二十 nijū
Thirty 三十 sanjū
Forty 四十 yonjū
One Hundred hyaku
One Thousand sen
Ten Thousand man
One Million 百万 hyaku-man